The role of water in materials science is often underestimated. Most people assume that water is “just water” and that it is quite boring aside from the level of its purification.
According to Professor Rustum Roy, this is an incorrect assumption. Using an evidence-based approach to materials science, Dr. Roy explains how the old paradigm (“pressure and temperature determine water’s structure”) has given way to new models that account for the effect of magnetic fields, electric fields, strain fields, and epitaxy. Despite holding five professorships and wide recognition as a materials science researcher, he asks, “How can it be? I’ve been active on the bench; I’ve been a professor for 60 years, so how have I made such a huge mistake for 60 years?”
Highlights from the video:
- 4:30 – Introduction of the first law of materials science, where Dr. Roy states: “It is that structure determines properties. Most importantly, not the composition, but the structure of a condensed phase. A material is called a condensed phase. It’s either a solid or a liquid. So it is structure that determines its properties…”
- 5:45 – In response to “its just water”, Dr. Roy states: “They always keep asking ‘is your substance, is your water or your solid pure?’ And if so, they say, ‘oh, well, it’s just water,’ and they assume erroneously, as I will show you in a minute, liquid water always has the same properties. Nothing, ladies and gentlemen, could be further from the truth. Water comes in a million different structures with a million different sets of properties.”
- 7:54 – A definition of structured water: “So what, then, do we mean, by the “structure” of liquid water? First, it is, indeed, made up of building blocks that are equal to molecules. A typical building block is a closely held arrangement of oxygen and hydrogen, but these are building blocks of different size and shape. Now, the next step is most important. Those blocks, surely, the building blocks are surely not the structure of water any more than if you walked into your house and you said, “Well, what’s the structure of this house? Where’s the bedroom and the bathroom and the living room etc…oh, it’s just the bricks.” It’s just the bricks. Is water just H2O? No. Nothing to do with it. The structure is the arrangement, in three dimensions, of the building blocks. Now you’ve grasped, I think, what we mean by “structure”, in the world of material science and crystallography and relevant sciences. Structure is the arrangement in three dimensions of the building blocks, not the description of the building blocks.
- 20:05 – Beyond pressure and temperature, Dr. Roy lists additional forces that can be applied to alter the structure of matter. He lists electrical fields, magnetic fields, strain fields, and epitaxy. Dr. Roy then introduces the term epitaxy as follows: “Epitaxy is a particularly materials science terms, so I want to introduce it to you. It is the imprinting of one structure onto another without transferring any matter.”
- 38:45 – Summary: “The facts are voluminous, indisputable and compelling. What are they? That even very weak radiation can and does drastically change solids, which I’ve told you about, and liquids, as in water. We have shown some very spectacular effects. So they’re not going to disappear.”
- 39:14 – Dr. Roy concludes his lecture with a look forward: “What is the future? The new vectors for designing water-based products for use in major industries and for maintaining health or causing healing are just legion now. … Structuring of water by colloidal silver or by radiation now becomes possible for the human race, and we think it is the most benign, easiest vector to use for many, many processes.”